Series 6308

National Guard Adjutant General's records, i 1895-1965.

4.00 cubic feet

These records are housed in the Utah State Archives' permanent storage room.

Historical Note

See history of the records' creator.

Summary of Records

This series provides a comprehensive account of the duties and activities of the office of the Adjutant General, the chief administrative officer of the National Guard.

Scope and Content

This series provides a comprehensive account of the duties and activities of the office of the Adjutant General, the chief administrative officer of the National Guard (see the research note for a list of each person creating this series and his term). The series contains administrative papers, personnel data, fiscal papers, and historical information on the guard, its units, and its involvement in both state and federal actions. Correspondence with the federal War Department (later known as the Department of Defense) shows the evolution of the Guard from state to federal control, with the Guard required to meet federal rather than state standards in terms of organizational structure, equipment, and training. During the early years, the state adjutant general was actively involved, or at least regularly informed, as to the actions of various units even when in federal service. Later, the orders under which he operated even in peace time were initiated in the Defense Department, and hereceived little contemporary information on activated troops.
Routine administrative functions are thoroughly represented in the series. Administrative papers include orders from headquarters, the federal government, and copies of those issued by individual units; fiscal reports; bids, supply requisitions, bills, and service contracts; and annual or biennial reports to the governor. Programs for encampments and various drills are consistently included from the beginning. The annual summer field training camp, and related administrative and personnel issues, generates much of the regular correspondence, reports, orders, and memoranda. Replies to a memorandum are normally done on the same sheet or attached sheets and are referred to as indorsements (abbreviated "ind."). By the time of the World Wars, there are regular certificates of federal recognition issued to the various units, as well as increasing numbers of memoranda and orders from the War Department. Federal reorganization oflocal units also generates numerous orders, rosters, and memoranda during the 1950s and 1960s.
Personnel papers are also present throughout. These include some enlistment, muster, and pay rolls; morning reports (drill attendance); firearms qualifications; accident, illness, injury, and death reports and investigations; promotions, demotions, and reassignments; and for the first few years, oaths.
Land acquisition, construction, and maintenance at Guard facilities are frequent and voluminous topics of correspondence. Correspondence includes use of federal facilities at Fort Douglas, the construction of Camp Williams at the Jordan Narrows, and the construction of armories around the state. The correspondence relates to work done by the Guard, by private landowners or contractors, and by the Works Progress Administration. In addition to correspondence, blueprints, copies of land titles, and receipts and bills are all present.
The adjutant general's office was also involved in thedocumentation of the history of Utah Guard units and veterans of federal service from Utah. Correspondence and pictures related to designing regimental insignia are frequent. To obtain federal approval on designs chosen, the compilation of unit histories was required; thus, drafts of many of those are included as well. These include discussion of territorial militia history and unit histories in various actions, such as the Spanish American War, Mexican border campaign, the World Wars, and the Korean conflict. Histories were updated periodically, particularly following participation in a new war. Rarely, histories will include photographs or maps.
The adjutant general also maintained World War I card files on veterans from Utah created by the federal War Department. While the cards are not part of this series, there is frequent correspondence from the War Department in the 1920s and 1930s instructing the adjutant general to correct specific entries on individual cards. There are alsoletters from individuals and citizens requesting lists of veterans compiled from those cards.
Besides historical information, correspondence and related papers were created at the time of the various actions. Documented are numerous occasions when the guard was called into federal service. There is some correspondence from the Spanish American War. There are scrapbook pages from 1912 with clippings on the Mexican Revolution when U.S. intervention was expected, and correspondence, telegrams, and copies of orders issued during the Mexican border campaign, 1916-1917, when Utah National Guard troops were actually activated. During World War I there are numerous muster rolls, letters and oaths pertaining to enlistment in the Home Defense Organization and federal recognition of Guard units. There is also correspondence after the war pertaining to federal distribution of war trophies to the states. At the beginning of World War II, memoranda from the War Department proliferate, particularlyregarding activation of the guard or induction of individual members. Periodically there are memoranda of commendation.
The series also documents instances when the guard was called into state service. The Governor called out the Guard during several labor strikes at mines around the state during the first half of the twentieth century, and there is correspondence pertaining to those actions. During the 1930s, regular memoranda from the Salt Lake Police Department pertain to surveillance reports on strikers and communists or other "subversives." In addition to military functions, the adjutant general arranged gubernatorial inaugurations and receptions, so letters of invitation, copies of programs, etc. are included regularly.
Over the years, various elements of the series were separated out, so by the mid-1960s there are separate series for correspondence, morning reports, orders, etc.
Adjutant Generals
Cannon, John Q. Apr. 30, 1895-Mar. 9, 1899
Burton, Charles S. Mar. 9, 1899-Jan.2, 1905
Bowman, John M. Jan. 3, 1905-June 21, 1905
Geoghegan, Joseph (acting) June 22, 1905-Mar. 1, 1906
Naylor, Raymond C. Mar. 17, 1906-Jan. 25, 1907
Wedgwood, Edgar A. (acting) Jan. 28, 1907-Mar. 25, 1907
Wedgwood, Edgar A. Mar. 25, 1907-Jan. 1, 1917
Williams, William G. Jan. 2, 1917-Sept. 24, 1917
Lund, W.M.H. (acting) Oct. 9, 1917-Sept. 24, 1918
Jorgensen, Fred Sept. 25, 1918-Nov. 1, 1920
Williams, William G. Nov. 1, 1920-May 31, 1946
West, J. Wallace June 1, 1946-July 31, 1953
Rich, Maxwell E. Aug. 1, 1953-Sept. 15, 1964
Watts, Maurice L. Sept. 16, 1964-


Chronological. Enclosures and endorsements may be kept together under one date.

Access Restrictions

Parts of this series, which contain data on individuals, are private or controlled. These papers include some, but not all, of the orders, correspondence, accident and injury reports, etc. These access restrictions apply for 100 years on individuals in the records who, at the time of the creation of the record, were 21 years of age or younger; for those over the age of 21, restrictions apply for 75 years. Access to restricted records may be permitted under certain circumstances. Contact the Reference Archivists for more information.

Use Restrictions

These records are available for reproduction and use.

Preferred Citation

Cite the Utah State Archives and Records Service, the creating agency name, the series title, and the series number.

Acquisition Information

These records were acquired from the creating agency through established retention schedules.

Processing Information

Arranged by J. Brent Brinkerhoff in 1991. Processing completed by A. C. Cone in 1992.
Microfiche processed by Rebekkah Shaw under the National Historical Publications and Records Commission grant to the Utah State Archives and Records Services for the Utah Microfiche Backlog Project (Grant No.: NAR10-RB-50086-10). July 2010 - December 2011

Related Material

World War I service records from the Division of Archives and Records Service, Series 2793, contain a copy of the World War I cards discussed here.
Correspondence from the National Guard, Series 6065, contains additional correspondence detailing similar administrative, personnel, and service issues, 1898-1916.
Mexican border campaign service cards from the Division of Archives and Records Service, Series 6131, contains service data on some of these same soldiers whose personnel actions are also documented in this series.
Mexican border campaign records from the National Guard, Series 6305, contains corresponding information on the role of the Guard in the Mexican border campaign from the perspective of the individual activated units.
Carbon County coal strike records from the National Guard, Series 6306, contains replies to letters included here and further discussion of the same labor issues.
Duty performed reports from the National Guard, Series 6347, documents participation in training schools and drills, the organization of which is an important subject of this series.
Carbon County firearms confiscation correspondence from the National Guard, Series 10113, contains replies to letters and further discussion of labor strike issues included here.
Annual reports from the National Guard, Series 10347, contains published versions of these reports to the governor.
Military service cards from the Division of Archives and Records Service, Series 85268, contain the World War I cards discussed here.

Container List

18Jan.-Aug. 1904
19Sept.-Dec. 1904
114Jan.-May 1912
115Jan.-Feb. 1912, Mexican Maneuvers scrapbook
116Mar. 1912, Mexican Maneuvers, cont.
117Apr. 1912, Mexican Maneuvers, cont.
118May 1912, Mexican Maneuvers, cont.
119Aug.-Oct. 1912
120July 1913
121Aug. 1913
122Jan.-July 1914
123Aug. 1914
124Sept.-Dec. 1914
125Jan.-June 1915
126July 1915
127Aug.-Dec. 1915
128Jan.-Apr. 1916
129May 1916
130June 1916
131July 1916
132Aug.-Oct. 1916
133Nov.-Dec. 1916
134Jan.-Mar. 1917
135Apr. 1917
136May 1917
137June 1917
138July 1917
139Aug. 1-30, 1917
140Aug. 31, 1917
141Sept. 1917
142Oct. 1917
143Nov. 1917
144Dec. 1917
145Apr.-June 1918
146Dec. 1918
147Jan. 1919
148May-Dec. 1919
149Jan.-June 1920
150July-Dec. 1920
151Jan.-June 1921
152July-Dec. 1921
153Jan.-June 1922
154July-Dec. 1922
155Jan.-Aug. 1923
156Sept.-Dec. 1923
21Jan.-Mar. 1924
22June-Dec. 1924
24Mar.-June 1926
25July-Oct. 1926
26Nov. 1926
27Jan.-Mar. 1927
28Apr.-July 1927
29Aug.-Dec. 1927
210Jan.-Oct. 1928
211Nov.-Dec. 1928
212Jan. 1929
213Feb. 1929
214Mar. 1929
215Apr. 1929
216May 1929
217June 1-15, 1929
218June 16-30, 1929
219July 1-17, 1929
220July 18-31, 1929
221Aug. 2-16, 1929
222Aug. 19-28, 1929
223Sept. 1929
224Oct. 1929
225Nov. 1929
226Dec. 1929
227Jan.-June 1930
228Sept.-Nov. 1930
230Mar.-June 1932
231Aug.-Dec. 1932
232Jan. 1933
233Feb.-Apr. 1933
234May 1933
235June-July 1933
236Sept.-Dec. 1933
237Jan.-May 1934
238June 1934
239July-Aug. 1934
240Oct.-Dec. 1934
241Feb. 1935
242Mar.-May 1935
243June-July 1935
244Sept. 1935
245Oct. 1935
246Nov.-Dec. 1935
247Jan.-Feb. 1936
248Mar. 1936
249Apr. 1936
250May 1936
251June 1936
252July 1936
253Aug. 1936
254Sept. 1936
255Oct.-Dec. 1936
256Jan.-Feb. 1937
257Mar.-May 1937
258July-Dec. 1937
259Jan.-Mar. 1938
260Apr.-May 1938
261June 1938
262July-Aug. 1938
263Sept. 1938
264Oct.-Nov. 1938
265Dec. 1938
31Apr.-May 1939
32June 5, 1939
33June 15-Aug. 1939
34Sept.-Dec. 1939
35Jan. 1940
36Feb. 1940
37Mar. 1940
38Apr. 1940
39May 1940
310June 1940
311July 1940
312Aug. 1940
313Sept. 1-15, 1940
314Sept. 17-30, 1940
315Oct. 1-15, 1940
316Oct. 16-31, 1940
317Nov. 1-15, 1940
318Nov. 16-30, 1940
319Dec. 1-15, 1940
320Dec. 16-31, 1940
321Jan. 1941
322Feb. 1941
323Mar. 1941
324Apr. 1941
325May 1941
326June 1941
327July 1941
328Aug.-Sept. 1941
329Oct. 1941
330Nov. 1941
331Dec. 1941
332Jan. 1942
333Feb.-Mar. 1942
334Apr. 1942
335May-Aug. 1942
336Sept.-Dec. 1942
337Jan.-May 1943
338June-Aug. 1943
339Sept.-Dec. 1943
340Jan.-Aug. 1944
341Sept.-Nov. 1944
342Dec. 1944
343Jan.-June 1945
344July-Aug. 1945
345Feb. 1946
346July-Aug. 1946
347Oct. 2, 1946
348Oct. 4, 1946
349Oct. 11-31, 1946
350Nov.-Dec. 1946
351Nov. 1947
3551950-1947, Order index volume
44Jan.-Mar. 1954
45Apr.-May 1954
46June-July 1954
47Sept. 1954
48Jan.-June 1955
49July-Dec. 1955
411Jan. 1957, Regulations to date, vol. 1
412Jan. 1957, Regulations to date, vol. 2
413Feb.-Oct. 1957
417Jan.-Mar. 1963
418Apr.-May 1963
419June-Sept. 1963
420Oct.-Dec. 1963
421Jan.-Feb. 1964
422Apr.-May 1964
423June 1964
424Sept.-Dec. 1964
426no date